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Tutorial 4: Editing and Exporting Video

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years ago


Editing your Video using iMovie or Windows Movie Maker



For instructions on how to import your video into computers, see pages 82-90 of the Secrets of Videoblogging book.


Importing photos or video from the Easyshare Kodak cameras.  To importing photos or video from the Easyshare Kodak cameras to your computer, you first need to hook up the USB cord from the camera to your computer—wait to turn on the camera.  Then, when you turn on a Mac computer and the camera, the iPhoto software should open up and you can import your material into your computer to save on your desktop.



You then open up iMovie, select: “create a new project,” and then drag your photo video clips from your desktop or directly from iPhoto into the iMovie gallery—the boxes in the upper right corner.  You can then start the editing process.


Importing from cameras/camcorders.  If you used a camcorder, you use a FireWire cable (this is not a USB cable, a FireWire cable has two identical connections on either end—one end for the camera and one end that goes into your FireWire port on your computer).  What you’re doing is connecting the camera and the computer so that they are all one unit.



On a Mac:

1. Turn on iMovie and select: “create a new project;” give your project a title.

2. Connect the camera to the computer using the FireWire cable, turn on the camera, and determine if the camera is in VCR or playback mode.

3. Then, if you see a camera icon on the screen, you can click on that icron. 

4. Select “import” to start the camera and the import process.

5. Once you’re done, click on the Import or Stop icon to stop the camera and then you can disconnect the camera. 




With a PC, you can use Windows Scanner and Camera Wizard to import your clips into a video project folder.  As the Secrets of Videoblogging book notes, if you’re using Wizard, make sure that you manually drag the files into the folder.



For some tutorials on suing Windows Movie Maker:




Since the Kodak camera saves clips as .mp4 files, to move them into Movie Maker, you need to convert them to .avi files: as noted on page 90 of your text, you can download a free program from sourceforge.net: MP4Cam2AVI Easy Convert to convert the .mp4 files into .avi files.




Adding YouTube Videos into Your own Blogs or Your Own Videos



Tutorials: Uploading videos to YouTube




    To embed YouTube videos into your vlog post or wiki, you can look to the right of the video screen beneath the video’s URL to a box with Embed in front of it that contains HTML code. You can copy and paste this code into your blog or wiki to create a link to the video.  For example, on PBwiki, you can click on the YouTube plugin, to create a box into which you can paste the HTML code.



    You can also capture online video by using the YouTube Quick Capture feature.  If you have a webcam, you can use Quick Capture to turn your computer into a video recorder.  When you log into YouTube, select “Upload Videos” and provide the needed information.  Then select, “Use Quick Capture” and click on “record.”



    However, for your vlog, you may want to add a non-copyrighted YouTube video within your own video through editing it with iMovie or Movie Maker.  Because YouTube is a streaming service, this means that you need to use other software to download YouTube files, site such as VideoDownloader—a plugin on Firefox, or KeepVid, SaveTube, or YouTube Downloader--sites listed under digital video in Chapter 5 on the digitalwriting site.  With these sites, you find the YouTube video that you like, copy and paste it’s URL into the save box on one of these sites, and then add a .flv to the end of the URL—to save it as a Flash file.  Then click on save to save the file. To view your file, you need to download a FLV player such as the FLV Player: http://www.applian.com/flvplayer.



    However, because these are flash files, they won’t play on, for example, Windows Media Player.  You need to take one further step to convert the FLV files into a digital file for editing in iMovie or Movie Maker.  You need to download free software, Visual Hub from macupdate.com: http://www.macupdate.com/info.php/id/21888 or Riva FLA Encoder: http://www.rivavx.com.  You can use these programs to create mpeg, mov, or avi files for showing on video players or for embedding in your larger video that you’re editing on iMovie or Movie Maker.   There is also a program, the vixy.net Online FLV Converter: http://www.vixy.net that combines both the downloading to FLV and conversion to a mpeg, mov, or avi file all on one site.





Saving files if you’re using a Lab laptop or 355 Computer Lab computer



If you are going to be editing your video on a computer during class on a mobile lab laptop or on a computer in the 355 Lab and won’t have time to complete the editing to download the video onto Media Mill (the University site where you will store your video), you won’t be able to save your video onto the laptop.  You should therefore bring in a flash drive (one that has room to hold your video—ideally a 512 or 1 GB drive) or a blank DVD on which to import your video file and then burn the DVD—the typical 4.7 GB DVD holds about 20 minutes of video.  



If you don’t have a flash drive or DVD, you can also save your video file on your University Netfiles site—http://www1.umn.edu/netfiles/  You have 5 GB of space for storing any of your files that you can then access from anywhere.   When you open up Netfiles, you can the select your video files and upload them for storage on Netfiles.


If you’re doing a lot of video production and are using different computers, you may want to invest in an external portable hard drive.




Editing with iMovie



On the Mac laptops, you will be using iMovie, which is part of the iLife software suite.  If you have access to a more recent Mac, you will probably have the most recent iMovie HD—which has more editing options than the earlier iMovie.  The mobile laptops have iMovie 5, more recent Macs have iMovie 6; the most recent version is iMovie 8.



For tutorials on iMovie:




Once you have the clips in the galley you then drag them into the clip viewer or timeline along the bottom to edit these clips.  You can view the clip viewer in two different ways by clicking on the time icon over on the left to see three different rows that includes an audio and music row, or by clicking on the film/box icon to see just one row.



If you want to import other photos or video stored on your computer into your project, you can just drag them to the galley or select File: Import.  You can also move photos from a iPhoto library by selecting Media, then Photos to get to your iPhoto library, then choose your photo, then determine the display options in Show Photo Settings (speed—seconds the photo appears and zoom—whether to zoom), and then select Apply to import the photo.



Trimming your clips.  If there’s some material on your clips that you want to cut, you should highlight that clip and then select Play to view the clip.  When you get to the point where you want to keep material and delete material up to that point, press on the spacebar to pause the clip.  Then, select the Edit: Split Video Clip at Playhead to cut your clip and then, if you don’t want that section, drag it into the trash and save your project.  You can also trim clips by moving those little handles to mark the beginning or ends of clips.



Adding titles and transitions.  You can add titles and transitions between clips by going to the Editing options to view the different kinds of titles and transitions.  To add titles (the names of your video or credits), highlight the clip in the viewing bar and then select the kind of title you want, for example, Centered.  You then can change the size of the font and the speed at which it appears.  Then, click on add and you should see a black clip with the title in front of the clip.


    You can also add transitions between clips, for example, a cross dissolve where the first clip dissolves into the second.  Again, highlight the clip where you want to transition to occur, select the transition, and then select preview to view what it looks like, and then add if you like it.  You should then see the transitions coupling together your clips.



Adding music.  You can also music from CDs, iTunes, or your iPod by selecting the Timeline option to see the music row.  You can only use royalty-free music; you can’t use your iTunes songs unless you obtain permission, even if you paid for the songs.   This is particularly the case because your vlog is on the Internet for others to see.  You can find royalty-free music or loops at the following sites (in some cases, you may still need to pay).













    You then select Media and then Audio to go to wherever you may have stored your music:  iTunes, GarageBand (also for audio files), etc.  You slide the playhead to the point where you want the music to start and then select the track that you want to copy that track into the music row.  Then drag the song to the Timeline or click on Place at Playhead. 


    You can then edit the music by highlighting it and selecting View: Show Clip Volume to lower or increase the volume. 



On the PC’s, for example, those in the 355 Lab, you will be using Windows Movie Maker.  You can receive assistance from the Lab consultant on using WMM; for a tutorial on WMM:




    Once you’ve done editing with WMM, to save your file to send to Media Mill for storage, you select File: Save Movie File and then select My computer (if you have a flash drive attached you can save it to the flash drive).  Then, name your file and select where you want to save it—for example, your flash drive.  Click on Next to go to Other Settings: select Video for Broadband and then Next.



Izzy video #33: avoid jarring cuts by using transitions.  Keep it simple: straight cuts, dissolves (cross dissolves, Dip to Color dissolve) or fades




Online Editing Tools


    There are also some free online video editing sites that you can use, such as:

Jumpcut: http://www.jumpcut.com/

Eyespot: http://eyespot.com/

Motionbox http://www.motionbox.com/

Photobucket http://photobucket.com/



For comparison of these sites:


For other sites, go to a wiki about online video editing http://onlinevideo.wikispaces.com/




To teach editing concepts

    To teach editing concepts, you can use the MyPopStudio site that has students make editing decisions about a Reality TV show featuring teens




You can also use the MIT scratch site: http://scratch.mit.edu/ that would be particularly useful for middle-school students who can easily create and edit their own animation videos using Scratch.  For a demo of Scratch:






Sharing/exporting Your Video



Once you’re done editing on iMovie, you’ll need to “share” or export it to your computer desktop or hard-drive or to a DVD in your computer.  Select “Share” and then select “Expert Settings” (not the other options) to save your file as a Quicktime movie. 



    For a video on compression with iMovie:



    For a video on compression with Movie Maker:




    Izzy video #39 Exporting to the Web: how to compress/export using iSquint.org





Using the University’s Media Mill



After you’ve completed editing your video on iMovie or Windows Media Maker, you’re going to need to store it on some server so that you can link to it on your blog or upload it to YouTube based on an assigned URL address.  (You won’t have room on your computer to store a lot of video files; you also need to have the file on a server so that you can create a link to that server to share your video with others).  Even you’ve create your Quicktime movie, it may still be a hugh file—say 600 MB, so you need to further compress it down to about a tenth the size.



    For these courses, you will be storing your video on the University’s Media Mill site.





    You will also be using Media Mill to compress your video into a format that will work on your blog.  You use your University X5000 (email) name to get into Media Mill.  You’ll then be assigned a temporary password. 


    You then download the Media Mill Uploader by selecting either the Mac or PC Uploader option.  Once you've uploaded you will the have a little black windmill icon that sits on your desktop for use in uploading your video (leave it on your desktop, unless your working on a University computer—you’ll need to put it in the trash).



For a tutorial on Media Mill:





For a tutorial on uploading from a PC to Media Mill:




    You first select Upload Video from the options in the left column.  You then will be assigned a temporary password that is good for 12 hours (see figure below).  You then enter that password in the desktop Uploader, find the Quicktime files, and then click on upload.




    The uploading process with then begin.  If you have a file of about 60 MB, it will take about 20-30 minutes to upload, so you need to set aside some time (you can do other things on your computer while it’s uploading).


    Once the upload is complete—you’ll probably get an error message, you then go back to the Media Mill site and select My Videos.  You will then see your video listed—you should then click on the little round circle that will allow you to create what are called “derivatives”—different options for exporting your video (to YouTube, iPod, etc.). 



    You will also be asked to specify a title, credits, copyright, and transcript (you can just put “none.”


By clicking on the second box over from the left (see figure below), you will then then be given a choice of several different “derivative preset” options to select from for exporting your video.




    For use in your blog or exporting to YouTube, you should select the “Quicktime 7, Small”—that creates a 320 x 240 video. If you want to put your video on an iPod, you should select the Video for iPod.  You will then create HTML code for posting into your UThink post.


    You will then be asked to continuing refresh you browser until the second box, in this case, “Quicktime 7, Small” (see figure above) appears.  You then have two options.  You can click on the Public Download Link to get the Quicktime file and save it to a DVD, computer, etc. 



Using the Public Download Link


Adding the file to Blogger.  To add this video to your Blogger blog, you first put your cursor where you want the video to appear in your blog.  You then select “upload video” (next to the “upload image”).  You then find your file on your desktop and upload it to your blog.



Adding the file to PBwiki.  You can add the file to PBwiki by going into edit mode, putting your cursor where you want the video to appear, selecting Plugins, and then selecting Videos and then Upload videos.  You will then upload the file—you’ll then see a box—wait until it’s completed uploading, and then click on Save.



Adding the file to YouTube.  If you file is less than 10 minutes and 100 MB, you can also upload it to YouTube. 


Using the Sample HTML (the preferred option when you have file storage problems on your blog or wiki)


Using the Sample HTML



The other option is to use the Sample HTML to get some code to cut and paste into your blog or wiki (if you don’t have much space on your wiki—you have a free blog or wiki and haven’t purchased extra storage space, this is the route to go because you’re not saving the files on the blog or wiki—you’re just linking to the Media Mill server where the files are stored).



    Click on the Sample HTML link.  You will then receive a PreText file which you need to open up.  You will then see something like the following.  You then cut and paste this code into your blog.  For the PBwiki, select the Upload YouTube option and cut and paste this code into the box.



<object CLASSID="clsid:02BF25D5-8C17-4B23-BC80-D3488ABDDC6B" width=320 height=256 CODEBASE="http://www.apple.com/qtactivex/qtplugin.cab">

<param name="src" value="https://mediamill.cla.umn.edu/mediamill/download.php?file=4011.mov">

<param name="qtsrc" value="https://mediamill.cla.umn.edu/mediamill/download.php?file=4011.mov">

<param name="autoplay" value="true">

<param name="loop" value="false">

<param name="controller" value="true">

<embed src="https://mediamill.cla.umn.edu/mediamill/download.php?file=4011.mov" qtsrc="https://mediamill.cla.umn.edu/mediamill/download.php?file=4011.mov" width=320 height=256 autoplay="true" loop="false" controller="true" pluginspage="http://www.apple.com/quicktime/"></embed>




One more thing that you need to do with this code.  You need to change the two “autoplay” value lines in the middle and towards the end of this code from “true” to “false” so that the video does not automatically start to play when someone opens up the blog or wiki. 



You do that by just substituting the words “false” for “true” for these two lines:

FROM: <param name="autoplay" value="true">

CHANGE TO: <param name="autoplay" value="false">


FROM:  height=256 autoplay="true" loop="false" controller="true"

CHANGE TO: height=256 autoplay="false" loop="false" controller="true"




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